Kilim is a flat tapestry-woven carpet or rug which has been a popular and important home accessory for nomadic people throughout the history. These items can serve purely decorative purpose or can function as prayer rugs.Various sizes of Kilim rugs have been used in many different ways and with several functions, such as well decorations, floor rugs and runners, prayer rugs, bedcovers, chair- or stool coverings,foot rest cushion cases, pillow cases and many others. Modern Kilims are popular floor coverings today also in Western households.
Kilims are produced by tightly interweaving the warp and weft strands of the weave to produce a flat surface with no pile. Kilim weaves are tapestry weaves,technically weft-faced plain weaves, that is, the horizontal weft strands are pulled tightly downward so that they hide the vertical warp strands.
The weft strands,which carry the visible design and color, are almost always wool and sometimes mixture wool and goat hair, whereas the hidden warp strands can be either wool or cotton.The warp strands are only visible at the ends, where they emerge as the fringe.This fringe is usually tied in bunches, to ensure against loosening or unraveling of the weave.The dye is made of natural plant extracts making the rugs entirely eco- and skin-friendly.NO chemically peoduced colourings, Acrylic materials or synthetic wool are used.Kilim rugs are therefore more durable than the traditional or synthetic ones as they are made using natural fibers and dyes.
Why Kilims have different style?
Kilims show a vast variety both in color anddesign.One of the causes of this large variety and difference between the various tribal rugs is that some of the tribal groups were in constant move as they changed their location according to the seasons and their animals’ needs thus able to see around them diverse landscapes and different colours in nature and, also to find different plants to extract natural colours for thei art.Consering the patterns, they can be traditional geometrical or representing animals and plants, but also portraying humans or their belongings with a purpose of bringing luck or fertility or even warding off evil eyes and other dangers hence protecting the owner.